what was Moamoria Rebellion?

The Moamoria Rebellion (1769-1805) was a major uprising in the Ahom Kingdom of present-day Assam, India. It played a crucial role in weakening the kingdom and paved the way for its eventual downfall. Here's a breakdown of the rebellion:


  • The rebellion was led by the Moamorias, also known as the Mataks, followers of the egalitarian Mayamara Sattra religious movement founded by Aniruddhadeva in the 16th century.
  • The Sattra emphasized monotheism, social equality, and rejection of caste hierarchies, which resonated with marginalized groups like the Morans and Kochs who faced discrimination under the Ahom caste system.
  • Growing dissatisfaction with the Ahom Paik system's burdens and perceived injustices further fueled the rebellion.

Course of the Rebellion:

  • The rebellion erupted in 1769 led by Krishnaram Barpatra Gohain, a Moamoria leader, demanding religious freedom and abolishment of discriminatory practices.
  • The initial stages saw Moamoria successes, capturing the Ahom capital Rangpur and even briefly installing their own king.
  • However, internal dissensions and fierce Ahom counter-offensives led to periods of fluctuating control.
  • The rebellion spanned multiple phases, each characterized by intense battles, guerilla tactics, and brutal reprisals by both sides.
  • The rebellion also received support from some discontented Ahom nobles and other ethnic groups facing hardship under the Ahom rule.

Impact and Legacy:

  • The Moamoria Rebellion significantly weakened the Ahom Kingdom:
    • Heavy manpower and resource losses, crippling the military and administration.
    • Widespread depopulation and economic disruption.
    • Loss of control over vast territories.
  • The rebellion paved the way for:
    • Burmese invasions in the late 18th century, exploiting the Ahom Kingdom's vulnerability.
    • Subsequent intervention and eventual annexation by the British East India Company in the early 19th century.
  • The Moamoria Rebellion is celebrated as a significant chapter in Assamese history for its:
    • Challenge to the feudal Ahom system and fight for social equality.
    • Contribution to Assamese cultural identity and religious diversity.

Further resources:

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