If I were to give a standing ovation for the biggest “HawaBaaz” than it really should be INC especially UPA(2004–2014). Hold my Beer B***h!
Modi had done in 4 years what the “Medhavi” economist with “Sajjan” Defense Minister was unable to do in 10 Years. Call me a Bhakt or whatever there isn’t an iota of doubt that Modi was the much-needed oxygen for Military modernisation.
The worst condition when Congress left in 2014 was of the army followed by Air Force and then the least navy.
The army didn’t have Bulletproof jackets, Rifle Accessories, Light Bulletproof helmets, New SUVs, Artillery, New Light strike vehicles, Anti Tank Missiles, Small tactical drones and quadcopters.
BIGGEST PROBLEM WAS THAT EVERYTHING WAS IMPORTED AS IMPORTS GAVE HEFTY KICKBACKS. Proof of which are Denel, Augusta Westland, Finmeccanica all of them date backs to 2004–2014.
Bullet Proof Jacket:
- Batch 1: 50000 Pcs: TATA and MKU being Vendors
- Batch 2:1.5Lac+: SMPP Pvt Ltd with Tech transfer from DRDO.
Army wants new guns, but seeing the long process the present government gave go-ahead for massive modernisation of existing arms which included installing Rails to accommodate various optical sights and modified handguards.
All the modifications are done mostly by OFB or FAB defence (Israeli company).
Bullet Proof Helmets:
MKU, Kanpur: Almost 2 Lac+
An Infantry pre 2015 even in operationally hot area looked like this “Ram Bharose”
Today much better:
New SUVs and LSUVs:
The TATA Safari Storme is now standard SUV of army:
The New Light Strike Vehicle is: Force Motor Gurkha
Orders bagged by local manufacturers in recent years for Forces
Force Gurkha: 4×4 LSV
Ashok Leyland: FAT 6×6 (450)
10×10 Super Stallion (81)
4×4 Ambulances (825)
TATA: Multi-Axle Trucks (1200)
Safari STORME (3192)
Xenon Pickup 1Door (500) & 2Door (52)
ARTILLERY: These were the first artillery purchase and modernisation in 30 Years.
ZU 23–2 Upgrade: Punj-Lloyd and OFB.
Akash 1S SAM: DRDO
L-70 Upgrade: BEL:
AESA Radar on Ashilka Anti Aircraft systems: BEL:
Pinaka Mk-2 MBRL: OFB+ DRDO
BMP-2 Upgrade: OFB Medak
QRSAM: Started late 2015 tested successfully thrice till now
K-9 Vajra: L&T and Hanwa Tecwin: 100
M-777: BAE+Mahindra Defense: 145
OFB Dhanush: 114+300
DRDO ATAGS: 1200+
Small Tactical Drones:
Idea-forge Netra drone:
- Add to all these Rs 40000 Cr to the army to whatever they wanna buy on an emergency basis and without much government interference.
The biggest purchases were:
DRDO AEW&C: 4
- Swati WLR: Inducted
Turbofan Engine for UCAVs:
It is a commendable job indeed. The Manik engine is being prepared for the first prototype of the AURA UCAV programme named SWiFT. Thus showing the UCAV programme is moving well under the wraps.
The engine’s technology transfer has been done to several private players including Bharat Forge. The one with the best quality will be finally selected for supplying the engine for the UCAV.
Not only this UCAV programme, but we can also use this engine for smaller Jet powered reconnaissance UAVs like a smaller jet engined Rustom with a limited weapons payload.
Apache Choppers: 36
HAL-LCH: 189, As of now IOC achieved.
The biggest achievement was:
- Operationalising the Arihant nuclear-powered submarine
- Opereatinalise K-15 Nuclear Capable SLBM.
Since the Question deals with only hardware procurement I shall keep the scope of the answer limited to this further when defence R&D is concerned keeping the record of present Modi government in front of the Congress shall bring bigger embarrassment to them.
Overall I would rate the present Government 8/10 and the previous one 2.5/10 that includes No R&D, Corruption, delay, No private sector participation.
Somebody wants even more comprehensive report, here is it from Parliament’s standing committee report:
Parliamentary Standing committee on defence report 43 suggests otherwise:
The key projects which have been taken up in the 12thFYP are:
New generation antiradiationmissile (NGARM), solid fuel ducted ramjet (SFDR) technology, quickreaction surface-to-air missile (QRSAM), man-portable anti-tank guided missile(MPATGM), ASB-Glide, smart anti-airfield weapon (SAAW), Kautilya, Prahaar,Akash Mk-1S, Akash NG, Anvesha, RudraM-II, stand-off anti-tank guided missile(SANT), liquid fuel ramjet engine, HEAT- Abhyas, autonomous rotary unmannedaerial vehicle ‘RUAV’-10 kg, unmanned small airship system (USAS), small turbo fanengine (STFE), IFF Mk 12th(A) system variants, advanced towed artillery gun system(ATAGS), 500 kg preformed fragmentation bomb, 1500 HP engine (NationalMission), landing gear system for 2-Ton class UAV, BMCS for 155 mm artillery gun,Advanced Daksh platform-CBRNe platforms, wheeled armour platform (WHAP),ATGM for MBT Arjun Mk-II, corner shot weapon system for pistol and UBGL, electricgun and turret drive system (ELEGANT),AIP system on P-75 submarines, sonars(ALTAS, Abhay, HUMSA UG, Tushar),supersonic missile assisted release oftorpedo (SMART), Internal RWJ system for Jaguar DARIN III upgrade aircraft, Sbandhub and ground SATCOM terminals, Himshakti (Girishakti), EW System‘Samudrika’, Ground based mobile ELINT station ‘Himraj’, national open air range(NOAR), ground based electronic counter measures against GNSS receivers‘GYPSY’, submarine periscope, AESA radar ‘Uttam’ for LCA, air defence fire controlradar ‘Atulya’, air defence tactical control radar, ANURouter, new operating system,S-band digital multimedia broadcast terminal for satellite communication, MEMSpackaging facility, multi-agent robotics system (MARS), microwave chaff for Defenceapplications.
The plan period also saw the completion of a number of projects viz. Integrated
Aerostat Surveillance System - Medium Size (Nakshatra), Aerostat Platform 2000
cum (Akashdeep), Inflatable Radome, Heavy Drop System – 16T, Enhanced RangeRocket ‘Pinaka’ Mk-II, Penetration-cum-Blast (PCB) and Thermo-baric (TB)Ammunition for 120 mm Arjun Tank, Multi Caliber Individual Weapon System(MCIWS), Air Bursting Grenade (ABG) for Individual Weapon, 46m Military LoadClass (MLC-70) Modular Bridge, Mountain Foot Bridge, Conversion of BMP intoTele-operated & Autonomous Vehicle, Satellite based Surveillance (SBS) andReconnaissance System, EW Suite for Fighter Aircraft (EWSFA), Dual ColourMissile Approach Warning System (DCMAWS) for Fighter Aircraft (Su-30 MKI),Medium Power Radar (MPR) ‘Arudhra’, Electro-Optical Fire Control System forNaval Ships (EON-51), Electro-Optical Sensors for Airborne Platforms (UAV &Aerostat), Modern ESM System ‘VARUNA’, S-Band Hub and Ground SATCOMTerminals, NBC Defence Technologies, Life Support System for Services (LSSS),MEMS Technology (MEMSTECH), AlGaN/GaN High Electron Mobility TransistorsMaterial and Device Development, Ku Band MPM based Transmitter for AirborneRadar, Technologies for TAC C3I Integration, Missile Launched Precision GuidedMunitions (MLPGMs), Imaging Infra Red (IIR) Seeker for Supersonic/HypersonicGuided Missiles, ASB Glide Weapon System, Open Range Test Facility for RadarCross-Section and Antenna Measurements (UHF to W BAND) – ORANGE, TrackExtension and Rail Track Rocket Sled (RTRS) Augmentation, Advanced TorpedoDefence System ‘Maareech’, High Speed Heavy Weight Ship Launched Torpedo‘Varunastra’, Low Frequency Dunking Sonar (LFDS), Seakeeping&ManoeuveringBasin (SMB), Bullet Proof Jacket and Materials & Technologies for StealthApplications (STEP) to name a few prominent ones.
“Progress made by OFB in Research & Development [R&D] in manufacturing the
entire weapon system platform & its ammunition/ accessories, by own In-house
R&D is as follows:
a) Artillery Gun 155mm x 45 Calibre ‘Dhanush’: For Artillerymodernization. Its ammunition is already manufactured by OFs.Dhanush Gun has undergone all field evaluation trials (FET), technicalevaluation and firing trials and is presently undergoing battery firingtrials. TRIALS COMPLETED SUCCESSFULLY, PRODUCTION RUN TO START SHORTLY.b) Upgunning of 130mm Gun to 155mm: For enhancing the capabilityof Artillery Gun. Its ammunition is already manufactured by OFs. OFBparticipated in AHQ RFP competing with two other privatemanufacturers, who fielded equipment in association with foreignOEMs. After extensive FET, OFB’s gun has emerged as the only GunSystem meeting all Quality Requirements. 300 ORDERED FROM IA.c) Assault Rifle 7.62x51mm and Protective Carbine 5.56x30mm: Formodernization of Infantry Weapons. Both these weapon systems (i.e.weapon and its ammunition) are under advanced stage ofdevelopment. JVPC ORDERED BY CRPF AND STATE POLICE.d) Futuristic Infantry Combat Vehicle (FICV) : It will replace existingBMP-II. OFB has gone ahead with the development of this ‘ComplexHigh Technology’ item after Integrated Project Management Team/MoD conveyed that OFB to start Design & Development of FICV. OFBhad participated in the EOI (Expression of Interest) issued by MoD forselecting Design Agency(s). RED TAPE PROBLEMS!Preliminary design has been completed. Development of sub-systemswill be completed within a year and 1st prototype for internal evaluationis scheduled to be manufactured by December, 2019.Various varieties of its ammunition (i.e. 30mm Ammunition) are alreadymanufactured by Ordnance Factories. OFB is further developing 30mmFSAPDS and 30mm PFFC ammunition to enhance the role of theweapon platform.e) Air Defence Gun: A high rate of fire gun for defence of vulnerablearea/ point against incoming enemy aircraft/ missile. First prototypehas been developed and initial firing trial has been done internally byOFB.Various varieties of its ammunition are already being manufactured byOrdnance Factories. The same is being augmented by developing30mm PFFC ammunition.f) Assault Rifle 7.62 x 51mm: It is being developed in association withProject Management Team (PMT) headed by DG (Infantry), ArmyHqrs. First prototype has been demonstrated.g) Electronic Fuzes for 155mm Ammunition: In house Tests & Trialsof Electronic Point Detonating Fuzes have been done twicesuccessfully and the same is now being offered for User AssistedTechnical Trial.
Following major products have been developed through in-house R&D by OFB:
a. Various types of Ammunition for Anti Material Rifleb. Upgraded Air Defence Gun L-70c. Mine Protected Vehiclesd. Nuclear Biological Chemical (NBC) Recce Vehiclee. 7.62 x 39mm Assault Rifle ‘Ghatak’f. Chaff Launcher ‘Kavach’ and Chaff Decoysg. Naval Gun CRN-91h. Aerial (i.e. Aircraft) Bombsi. Image Intensifier based night sight for Driver of all Armored Fighting Vehicles(BMP-II, T-72 & T-90) for night fighting capabilityj. Thermal Imager based night sight for Commander of T-72 Tankk. Non Prohibited Bore Pistol & Revolver (0.22 and 0.32 Calibre)l. Under Barrel Grenade Launcher & Multi Grenade Launcherm. Anti Submarine Rockets RGB-60 & RGB-12n. A-7 Ammunition 7.62mm Calibre”
Even more, info:
1.Some people will be accusing me of being an Andbhakt. A piece of advice to them *MIDDLE FINGER*
2. All the projects were done under UPA-1 and UPA-2.
Busting the myth of UPA doing everything:
To set the records straight, UPA was good at only granting AoN and Giving out Tenders. Explanation of all the projects one by one:
- Bullet Proof Jacket: “The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) had accorded acceptance of necessity (AoN) in October 2009 for procurement of 3,53,765 bullet-proof jackets, including quantity 1,86,138, to be procured in the 11th Army Plan. The request for proposal (RFP) was issued to 36 vendors on 3.3.2011 but had to be retracted on 8.12.2011 to address issues in respect of the conduct of trials. The RFP for the light-weight modular jackets was issued again in December 2012. However, it was retracted on October 5, 2015as none met the technical parameters or GSQRs.As an “interim emergency acquisition” through the “revenue route” last March, the government had placed an order to purchase 50,000 new bullet-proof jackets from Tata Advanced Materials after a delay of more than 10 years” said Manohar Parrikar[ ]
- Bullet Proof Helmets: [OFFICIAL RFI: ] But purchase finally takes place in 8 Years.[ ]
- Light Strike Vehicle and SUV: First RFI in 2012, Cancelled Twice, final RFI in 2016, Purchase completed by July 2018.
- Akash-1S SAM, ASTRA BVR, SWATI WLR: This great accusation by half-witted semi-literate people! The Akash and Akash 1S are two different versions later being the latest, the Akash 1S was selected by DROPPING THE SRSAM TENDER WHEN JAITLEY WAS DEFENSE MINISTER. ALL OF THEM WERE REJECTED IN FAVOUR OF IMPORTS BUT CURRENT GOVERNMENT STRUCK DOWN THE TENDER ALTOGETHER AND CHOSE INDIGENOUS PLATFORMS.
- Apache, Chinook, M-777: Took 9 Years to materialise and 2 years after PM Modi took charge.
As for me being a Bhakt, I don’t vote based on the price of Aloo, pyaz what the PM does for the country’s long term interests matters the most.
MILITARY MODERNISATION MATTERS.
NOTE: DON’T FORGET WE WERE A SLAVE FOR STRAIGHT 800 YEARS ON OUR OWN LAND, I DON’T WANT TO BE SLAVE IN MY OWN COUNTRY ONCE AGAIN AND FOR THAT A EXTREMELY FEROCIOUS STANDING MILITARY IS IMPORTANT.
Congress (Except Shastri ji and Indira Gandhi)compromised it to the last day and this answer is just a small detail if someone wants I can add more as well.